arabic possessive pronouns
For example مكتبُهُم is an idaafa. This is because these words, like most Arabic words, have a suffix and prefix attached to them. As the book says their use is another example of an idaafa which is usually two (or more) nouns strung together to indicate possession. For example, “in his office” is في مكتبهِ The dhamma of the suffix هُ has been changed to a kasra due to the kasra on the ب (The kasra on the ب is there since مكتب is genitive because of في). Regards, David Dual. previous lesson, we learn about the Subject pronouns, Subject Pronouns: Learn Arabic Grammar #1, Why should Muslims not celebrate Valentine’s Day in light of the Quran. Are these the same as “possessive adjectives” ? Required fields are marked *, Copyright © 2018 SAIOI - SMART Arabic International Online Institute. Possessive pronouns (my, your, his, her, our, their) are used to indicate ownership of something. كتابه (kitaab u) Your email address will not be published. Now I know that in English a possessive pronoun is “mine, yours, his, hers, ours, theirs”. Possessive pronouns are very common and represent ownership of a possession. At SAIOI, our teachers take special care to ensure that you enjoy your learning process and customize the process to suit your needs. 3rd (neutral) its its These suffixes are common in most places and play a crucial role in everyday communication. Arabic uses pronoun suffixes as another way to indicate possession. The entire idaafa will be definite. In the previous lesson, we learn about the Subject pronouns. These suffixes are very common and will come very handy. Possessive Subject Pronoun: Learn Arabic Grammar #2. Because the possessive pronouns are considered definite, they define the noun to which they are attached. Learning a language is not only about the vocabulary but also about knowing the grammar. كتاب + أنا فصل + أنتم جامعة + نحن بيوت + هم أصدقاء + أنتما ساعدَت + هو استقبلت + أنتن The possessive pronoun (its) does not exist in Arabic, it is referred to as (his) or (her) depending whether the noun is masculine or feminine. So this section on possessive pronouns would more correctly be labeled as possessive adjectives, because it actually is referring to “my, your, her, his, our, etc. Or is there another way to do this that I haven’t notice? 3rd (male) his his These dual forms though are mostly avoided in Arabic. I hope this helps. When we add a pronoun suffix to a word which ends in a ة, the ة is written and pronounced as a regular ت. I think the closest equivalent to possessive pronouns would actually be the preposition “ل” meaning “belonging to” when used with the possessive pronouns. That is because the word is now definite. Thus “your book” (masc.) For example مكتبُ مديرِ شركتِكم “the office of the director of your company”. Arabic uses pronoun suffixes as another way to indicate possession. But, instead of attaching to the verb, they attach to the noun that is owned. For example, “your new teacher” is مدرسُكَ الجديدُ. Of course, “my article” مقالتي (“maqaalati) will not be inflected for case for the reasons outlined in the above paragraph. In Arabic the same thing is done but the possessive pronouns are suffixed to the noun instead of written as independent words before the noun. You have now seen the three ways in which a word in Arabic is made definite. These pronouns show ownership. Very good question. Here are some examples of this … Unlike the words like I (أنا) or You (أنت) the words like “My” and “Your” doesn’t have a direct word replacement in Arabic. So know that any noun to which the pronoun suffix ي is attached will not ever be inflected for case. The same thing happens to هُنّ َ and هُم . Thanks so much. They have to be attached to a noun, verb, or particle: ﺔَُﻠِﺼﻤﺘُﻟاﱠ ﺮِﺋﺎَﻤﱠﻀﻟا You (said to a َك His ُﻩ 8 male) 3 You (said to a ِك Hers ﺎَه female) Me, Mine, My ﻲـــ 1 9 4 Those are my thoughts on your question. Hello, you called the suffixes “possessive pronouns” saying that the suffixes are attached to nouns. These pronouns conjugate the verbs and appear at the end of the words. Arabic Determinative Possessive Pronouns: Similar to the Arabic object pronouns, the determinative possessive pronouns look the same, the only difference is that they end a noun and not a verb like above. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The third is by attaching a pronoun suffix. They are considered possessive but do not stand alone. The word “Habib” means ‘Beloved’ and the last ‘I’ in the ‘Habibi’ in the image above is the possessive pronoun, and the word means ‘My Beloved’. In the previous lesson, we learn about the Subject pronouns. In Arabic they are possessive pronouns and the Arabic term for them describes them that way – الضمائر الملكية. Your email address will not be published. David – Very good question. http://allthearabicyouneverlearnedthefirsttimearound.com/p1/p1-ch3/possessive-pronouns/, Verbs – Past Tense and the Accusative Case, Table of Contents: Part II – Verbally Speaking, The Little Words No One Ever Learns But Which Are Very Important, Active and Passive Participles Forms I and II, The Preposition لِ Meaning “belonging to”, The Dual of Nouns, Adjectives, Pronouns, and Verbs, Masculine Sound Plurals in Idaafas and with Pronoun Suffixes, Table of Contents: Part 1 – Back to the Basics. The word شركة is definite because of the suffix كم. If you have been learning basic words and phrases, and trying to notice them when hearing a conversation, you might have come across words that seem familiar but still different. Arabic Possessive Pronouns. The nuun is dropped and the yaa is added with a fatha. Attached pronouns are always added to the end of the word. Modern Standard Arabic - Adults and Children. Normally they will be translated or interpreted into English using English possessive adjectives and if the book is ever reissued that would be a nice note to make. Instead of a word, a suffix is … 3rd plural theirs their. The Personal Pronouns in Arabic. For example “هذا الكتاب لي ” means “This book belongs to me” but it could just as easily be translated as “This book is mine”. Instead of a word, a suffix is added to a verb to convey the same meaning. The suffix added to the verb is known as the Possessive Subject pronoun. Possessive pronouns (my, your, his, her, our, their) are used to indicate ownership of something. Me: noun+i ي . If different – what is the difference ? The Arabic word for “Book” is “Kitab” and the suffix “i” and “uka” has been added to the verb to mean “My” and “Your” respectively! Plural. Please check the table below for the list of subject, possessive and object pronouns in Arabic. My two books is كتابايَ if in the nominative case. These pronouns conjugate the verbs and appear at the end of the words. If you were planning to learn Arabic for a long period of time, then you should Book your Free session now and enjoy our teacher explaining the intricacies of the language on Skype!