gmo research paper topics
Cambridge, MA: Perseus, 2001. Critics argue that the precautionary principle is little more than a scientific disguise for anti-technology politics. In the United States, for example, food manufacturers may voluntarily label foods as “GMO-free,” but there is no requirement to note when foods contain GMOs. Because cross-pollination between crops and accidental mixture of seeds are difficult to eliminate entirely, critics sometimes argue that GMOs should simply be prohibited. London: Routledge, 2004. Those with philosophical beliefs informed by deep ecology or commitment to animal rights are unlikely to be persuaded that genetic engineering is ethical. Although the line between “basic” and “applied” research has always been fuzzy, GMO research has all but eliminated such distinctions. If you want to write a quality paper, then the following ideas will help you. They have proposed a framework for decision making that errs on the side of precaution (“better safe than sorry”). It remains to be seen how resources will be dedicated to these diverse research paths and who will benefit from the results. Horizontal gene transfer has been found to be common among different species of bacteria and to occur between bacteria and some other organisms. On the other hand, if GM salmon escape captivity and breed in the wild, they could crowd out the diversity of salmon species that now exist. Why do we need to move on to more organic and natural foods? Gmo research paper topics Example of a movie review essay sample essay question type gym essay topics Gmo topics paper research. Monsanto Company, for instance, has claimed that its gene patents extend to multiple generations of plants that carry the gene. Crops that have been genetically engineered to produce their own pesticides (plant-incorporated protectants, or PIPs) eliminate human exposures to pesticides through hand or aerial spray treatments and may reduce the use of more environmentally harmful pesticides. Then they move the gene into the DNA of the organism (in the cell’s nucleus) that they wish to modify. These issues often become sidelined in risk-centered debates about GMOs but remain at the heart of the controversy about this technology. What are your thoughts, views, and impressions of genetically modified organisms? Following are some examples: The research and development of GMOs and other forms of biotechnology have occurred in both universities and corporations. A worldwide debate erupted about the right of poor nations to request non-GMO food aid and the possibility that pro-GMO nations such as the United States might use food aid as a political tool. GMO agriculture – does it result in “Frankenfoods” or is it the way to save the world? Your email address will not be published. Some disagree with the idea that societies should depend on private companies to produce needed agricultural and medical innovations. Don't Miss a Chance to Connect With Experts. Whether or not GMOs will increase agricultural productivity, it is widely recognized that greater yields alone will not end world hunger. The risk of … PIPs and herbicide-tolerant crops may create non-target effects (harm to other plants, insects, animals, and microorganisms in the agricultural environment). The first release of a GMO into the environment resulted directly from a discovery by Stephen Lindow, a plant pathologist at the University of California–Berkeley. The European Union and China, on the other hand, require foods made with GMOs to be labeled as such. © 2011 — 2020, EssayShark.com. Even more controversial are calls for “designer babies,” the genetic modification of sex cells (sperm and eggs) or embryos. Many legal issues are hotly debated, both in national courts and in international institutions such as the World Trade Organization and the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization. Controversies over GMOs have revolved around their environmental impacts, effects on human health, ethical implications, and links to patterns of corporate globalization. Segments of DNA that are known to produce a certain trait or functio… Other terms often used in place of “genetically modified” are transgenic or genetically engineered (GE). Abstract Genetically modified organisms have become a highly controversial topic in science despite the fact that people have been changing the genes of crops for years. Such entrepreneurial behavior by academics has become common, if not expected, but has also attracted criticism from those who mourn what some have called the “commercialization of the university.”. Critics not only doubt the biological possibility of such developments but also question the social and ethical impacts of embarking on a path toward such a “brave new world.”. Companies combined and consolidated in the hope of taking advantage of economic and technological efficiencies, and they attempted to integrate research, development, and marketing practices. One of the goals of these lists if to help you improve your writing, as choosing the right topic is an important step. Scientists around the world are experimenting with genetic modification of animals raised for meat, and edible GM salmon are close to commercialization. Include at least two specific examples of commonly grown GMO crops. 3 Are GMOs our only option for a healthy and economically good future? Bailey, Britt, and Marc Lappe, eds., Engineering the Farm: Ethical and Social Aspects of Agricultural Biotechnology. What are the ideas, values, and/or attitudes of people from at least two different countries outside the US toward GMO/GE foods? A wide range of critics, from scientists to religious leaders to antiglobalization activists, have challenged the development of genetically modified organisms (GMOs). U.S. government officials blamed anti-GMO activists for scaring Zambian leaders into blocking much-needed food aid to starving people. Given the diversity and incompatibility of philosophical perspectives, should we bring ethics, morality, and cultural diversity into policy decisions, scientific research, and the regulation of GMOs? Third, traits could be developed that would drastically reduce existing constraints on agriculture, such as crops with increased salt and drought tolerance or nonlegume crops that fix their own nitrogen. It also provides information on the effects of GMO to the society. His “ice-minus bacteria,” a GM microorganism that could be sprayed on strawberry fields to resist frost damage, was tested by Advanced Genetic Sciences (a private company) in 1986 amid great controversy. Essay Topic Ideas about GMO Foods Here are some essay questions and prompts about genetically modified foods, the science of GMO, and the controversy and concerns about GMO. A GMO is a plant, microbe, or animal whose genetic material has been intentionally altered through genetic engineering. In the United States, GMOs and gene sequences are treated as inventions under the patent law. Genetically Modified Organism (GMO) has become a very emotional issue. It is plant, animals, or other organism in which their genetic makeup has been altered or modified by either genetic engineering or transgenic technology. Since the 1930s, several decades after the Austrian monk and scientist Gregor Mendel discovered genes—small heredity units in DNA by which parents pass along traits to their offspring—people have altered crops or animals by crossbreeding. Explain how monopolies, pesticides, GMOs, and antibiotics are a threat to our society. Ever since researchers first began to develop GMOs, governments around the world have had to decide whether and how to regulate them. A variety of groups, including the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, anticipate that genetic engineering will aid in reducing world hunger and malnutrition, for instance, by increasing the nutritional content of staple foods and increasing crop yields. In this broad sense, many of the most useful plants, animals, and microbes are “genetically modified.”. Other governments (for example, the United States and Canada) focus instead on the product, the GMO itself. display: inline; GURTs make plants produce seeds that will not grow. In many cases, university professors have spun off their own companies to market and develop practical uses for their biotechnology inventions. One dimension of the public debate about GMOs that is difficult to resolve is the question of whether it is morally, ethically, and culturally appropriate to manipulate the genetic makeup of living things. GMO Research Topics for Discussion Papers Products containing GMOs should be clearly labeled. Sanderson, Colin J., Understanding Genes and GMOs. Patents ensure that farmers do not use GM seeds (collected from their own harvests) without paying for them. Promoters of GMOs tend to favor science-based risk assessments (“sound science”), whereas critics tend to advocate the precautionary principle. A California-based company, Ventria Biosciences, already has pharmaceutical rice in production in the United States. GMOs as the solution to the world’s food crisis. Furthermore, the movement of genes across species boundaries without sexual reproduction happens in a process called horizontal gene transfer, which requires no human intervention. Because none of the techniques can control exactly where or how many copies of the inserted gene are incorporated into the organism’s DNA, it takes a great deal of experimentation to ensure that the new gene produces the desired trait without disrupting other cellular processes.
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