where's the philippines
The US government emphasized that it did not seek permanent colonial control over the Philippines, and set about instituting governmental and educational reform. The alluvial plains and terraces of Luzon and Mindoro have dark black cracking clays, as well as younger soils that are especially suitable for rice cultivation. Gas and ash rising from Mount Pinatubo, central Luzon, Philippines, just prior to eruption in June 1991. The dry season generally begins in December and ends in May, the first three months being cool and the second three hot; the rest of the year constitutes the wet season. Philippines's Quick Facts. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. Manila is the capital, but nearby Quezon City is the country’s most-populous city. Colonization was quick to follow, and the first European settlements began to pop up in 1565. Premium Membership is now 50% off! The Philippines also emerged as a regional leader in education during the late 20th century, with a well-established public school and university system, and by the early 21st century the country had one of the highest literacy rates in Asia. The northern plain between the Sierra Madre and the Cordillera Central is drained by the Cagayan, while the central plain is drained in the north by the Agno and in the south by the Pampanga. Farther west the Butig Mountains trend northwestward from the northeastern edge of the Moro Gulf. Volcano Island in the centre of Taal Lake, southwestern Luzon, Philippines. The government has played a powerful role in spearheading the recovery. The Pasig, which flows through the city of Manila, was once commercially important as a nexus for interisland trade but is no longer navigable except by small craft; heavy pollution has required significant cleanup efforts. The history of the Philippines begins with its first inhabitants arriving via primitive boats nearly 67,000 years ago. Rich in resources, the Philippines has the potential to build a strong industrial economy, but the country remains largely agricultural. A tour of Batad and Sagada in the Cordillera area of Luzon, Philippines. Tourism has begun to flourish again with most of the visitors arriving from the Time-lapse video of the Batan Islands, Philippines. It is, for example, the second most-populous Asian country (following India) with English as an official language and one of only two predominantly Roman Catholic countries in Asia (the other being East Timor). In the southwestern part of northern Luzon are the rugged Zambales Mountains, consisting of more or less isolated old volcanic stocks (rock formed under great heat and pressure deep beneath the Earth’s surface). In Bicol there are some terrific volcano climbs (Mount Mayon and Mount Isarog, for instance), while Mindoro, Palawan and the Visayas … One of the Philippines’ most unique waterways lies underground, emerging directly into the ocean at Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park on the island of Palawan; the park was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1999. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. What port’s name means “fragrant harbour”? Tremors and earthquakes are common. Ferdinand Marcos was elected president in 1965, and toward the end of his second term, after being constitutionally barred from obtaining a third, he declared martial law. On June 25, 1991, Mount Pinatubo violently erupted, severely weakening the already strained economy. The archipelago stretches about 1,150 miles (1,850 km) from north to south, and its widest east-west extent, at its southern base, is some 700 miles (1,130 km). For hundreds of years the Philippines were a Philippines, island country of Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. Ferdinand Magellan arrived in 1521, and placed the islands under Spanish ruling. Mount Canlaon (Canlaon Volcano), on Negros, rises to 8,086 feet (2,465 metres). The dry season shortens progressively to the east until it ceases to occur. Because it was under Spanish rule for 333 years and under U.S. tutelage for a further 48 years, the Philippines has many cultural affinities with the West. Throughout the country, however, there are considerable variations in the frequency and amount of precipitation. The mountain ranges for the most part run in the same general direction as the islands themselves, approximately north to south. The dark, organic, mineral-rich soils of the undulating terrain of the Bicol Peninsula, much of the Visayas, and the northwest tip of Luzon are used to grow coffee, bananas, and other crops. The western shores facing the South China Sea have the most marked dry and wet seasons. Typhoons are heaviest in Samar, Leyte, south-central Luzon, and the Batan Islands, and, when accompanied by floods or high winds, they may cause great loss of life and property. Japan and the U.S. during World War II, and at the end of the war (in 1946) with the U.S. victory in the South Pacific, the Philippines attained total independence. Although volcanoes are a conspicuous feature of the landscape, there is relatively little volcanic activity. More than 6,000 people were killed and over four million lost their homes. Lake Sultan Alonto on Mindanao is the country’s second largest lake, covering an area of 131 square miles (340 square km). The largest lake in the archipelago, with an area of 356 square miles (922 square km), is Laguna de Bay, on the island of Luzon. The second largest island of the Philippines is Mindanao, in the southeast. Both are part of the National Capital Region (Metro Manila), located on Luzon, the largest island. It has 7,641 islands. The narrow Ilocos, or Malayan, range, lying close along the west coast of northern Luzon, rises in places to elevations above 5,000 feet (1,500 metres) and is seldom below 3,500 feet (1,000 metres); it is largely volcanic. Most of the Bicol Peninsula lies in the Bicol basin. Mount Pinatubo on Luzon, once regarded as extinct, was in 1991 the site of one of the world’s largest volcanic eruptions of the 20th century. Manila is the capital, but nearby Quezon City is the country’s most-populous city. During their early years as a new country, the Philippines faced various challenges, and had to be almost completely rebuilt following the devastation brought on by World War II. Omissions? The islands spread out in the shape of a triangle, with those south of Palawan, the Sulu Archipelago, and the island of Mindanao outlining (from west to east, respectively) its southern base and the Batan Islands to the north of Luzon forming its apex. On July 4, 1902, the two sides agreed to an armistice.
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